ELEMENTARY  FOURTH THROUGH SIXTH YEARS
The fourth through sixth years of the Elementary Program focuses on 5 main elements, growing each year from First through Third:

Math

Language

History

Geography

Science
Math
Fundamentals of Decimal System

Counting 11,000

Skip Counting 110's with number rolls

Place Value up to 9,999,999

Hierarchy of Decimal System Material
Operations  Addition

Addition up to 7digit addends static (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

Addition of 7digit addends dynamic (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

Memorization of Math Facts  Addends between 118 (Bead Bears, Flash Cards, Games, Addition Charts, etc.)
Operations  Subtraction

Subtraction up to 7digit numbers static (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

Subtraction up to 7digit numbers dynamic (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

Memorization of Math Facts 118 (Bead Bears, Flash Cards, Games, Subtraction Charts, etc.)
Operations  Multiplication

Memorization of multiplication tables one through ten

Multiplication up to 7digit numbers by 2digit multiplier (Stamp Game, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Checkerboard Golden Mat)

Multiplication up to 7digit numbers by 3digit multiplier (Stamp Game, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Checkerboard Golden Mat)
Operations  Division

Memorization of Division Tables one through ten

Division up to a 7 digit number with a remainder (Golden Beads, Racks and Tubes, Stamp Game, Golden Mat)

Rules of Divisibility
Fractions

Fraction Equivalence and Reducing Fractions

Fractions Addition with like and unlike Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

Fractions Subtraction with like and unlike Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

Fractions Multiplication (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

Fractions Division (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

Decimal equivalencies for regular fractions: 1/2 to 1/10
Problem Solving

Addition Word Problems

Subtraction Word Problems

Multiplication Word Problems

MultiStep

Reverse Order

Simplify

Middle Answer

Extra Information/Missing/Extra
Money & Interest

Identify Units of Currency

Counting money

Making change

Adding, subtraction and multiplying money

Calculating interest for word problems
Measurement

Tell Time on a Digital Clock

Tell Time on an Analog Clock

Able to measure length, weight, volume and temperature

Solve word problems involving measurements
DistanceRateTime

Calculate distance or space in word problems

Calculate rate or time in word problems
Square & Cube Roots

Calculate the square of binomial and trinomial

Calculate the square root of numbers (Square Chains, Golden Beads, Table of Squares, Peg Board)

Calculate the cube root of numbers (Cube Chains, Golden Beads, Chart of Cube Root)
Algebra

Solve equations and inequalities containing positive and negative numbers

Determining the square of two dimensional figures

Cubes of Equations
Graphing

Line Graphs

Picture Graphs

Bar Graphs

Number Lines
Inequalities

Greater Than

Less Than

Equal to...
Geometry

Recognition and Nomenclature of Geometric Figures  3D

Lines

Angles

Can Identify Regular Polygons through the Decagon

Can Identify Irregular Polygons through the Decagon

Can Identify Quadrilaterals

Construction of Geometric Figures

Congruence, Similarity and Equivalence

Symmetry

Can Identify Triangles by Sides and Angles

Protractors

PowersSquaring: Bead Bars and Bead Cabinet

Cubing: Bead Bars and Bead Cabinet
Science

Name, organize, and classify the components of the plant and animal kingdom

Understand the basic needs of animals and their place in the food chain

Understand an animals’ adaptation to their environment

Explore the vital functions of the major phyla of animals

Examine the vital functions of plants

Research human biology7 and understand the human function

Investigate the basic functions of life

Understanding the interdependencies within the different ecosystems of the natural world

The evolution of the solar system and planet Earth

Explore astronomyInvestigate the location of the earth in the universe

Scientific theory on the formation of the universe, galaxies, stars, and planets

Experiment with forces of nature

Explored the spectrum of electromagnetic energy

Define atoms and experiment with basic molecular combinations and states of matter

Research about individuals who have contributed to human progress

Using imagination and creativity to solve problems

Using scientific processes to investigate questions about nature

Demonstrating lab safety and care of materials

Conducting studies outside of the classroom in natural environments

Understanding the effect of the sin, wind, and water in the earth’s crust (erosion, seasons, currents, etc.)

Exploring climatic zones and biomes on Earth

Exploring the effects of wind currents weather on Earth’s crust and populations

Relationship of hydrosphere and atmosphere
Language
Handwriting

Upper and Lower Case Cursive

Margins

Correct Spacing

Correct Letter Size

Calligraphy
Composition

Brainstorming for Daily Journal

Writing in Daily journal

Mastering skills of drafting, revising, editing and publishing

Communicating ideas through different types of writing (Reports, Instructions, Advertisements, Letters, etc.)

Sequence ideas, compare and contrast

Correct use of grammar and spelling
Speaking and Listening

Oral Reports

Public Speaking

Participating in Group Discussions

Follows Directions

Oral Comprehension
Word Study and Spelling

Utilizing phonograms, phonetics and an understanding of the English language to spell words

Understanding compound words, contractions, noun number, noun gender, prefixes and suffixes, and synonyms, antonyms and homonyms
Punctuation and Mechanics

Understanding correct usage of different punctuation

Periods

Question Marks

Exclamations

Paragraph Indentation

Commas

Quotation Marks

Semicolon
Grammar and Syntax

Identifying nouns – person, place or thing; common and proper; number; and gender

Use of definite and indefinite articles

Correct use of adjectives

Identify adjectives

Grammar Boxes (Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection)

Identify function and tense of verb.

Identify logical relationship/agreement with noun family

Identify transitive and intransitive verbs, infinitive, copulative and auxiliary verbs, verb mood and voice

Identify function of preposition, its relationship with noun families and types of prepositions

Identify function of the advert and its relationship with the verb

Identify the function of adverbs in different classes

Identify the correct use of pronouns in different classes

Identify the correct use of the conjunction

Identify coordinating, subordinating, and correlative conjunctions

Analyze sentences and identify the above sentence parts along with indirect object and adverbial extension
Reading

Read interpret and draw conclusions from materials

Read from many different written sources (Book, basal readers, student authored materials, research reference books, poems, newspapers, etc.)

Word identification

Retell events of a story in proper order

Identifying Characters

Finding the main idea

Make predictions

Compare stories

Read a variety of genres

Students read silently, orally, and to each other

Using literary tools

Use the library

Report writing
Geography

The use of globe and map to locate major natural and manmade features

Examine the major cities in the world

Locate items using longitude and latitude

Understand the concepts of tome zones

Utilizing maps to locate and investigate political and geographic data

Create their own maps

Employ various resources to research geographical themes (atlas, computers, etc.)

Compare and contrast lands use and economic interdependencies of people locally and worldwide
History

Explore the significance of the appearance of humans on earth

Explore the relationships between humans and other living animals

Explore the relationship between humans and fossil hornicnids

Explore the evolution of humansIntroduce to the science of archaeology

Describe and compare lifestyles of early human cultures

Create a timeline showing the chronology of evolution of ancient and modern humans

Define civilization as an evolutionary stage

Explore the great civilizations

Explain how geographical features influence a region, a culture and a settlement

Explore the formation of North America

Explore prehistoric and historic human inhabitants of North AmericaIdentify and describe American artifacts, customs, foods, traditions, and ideas which have been inherited from other cultures

Identify significant scientific discoveries and inventions

Analyze the influence of inventions in historic periods

Describe and explain significant events and trends in the development of the U.S. as an independent nation

Examine the structure and function of the US federal government

Identify and describe the important national documents of the US

Identify the rights and responsibilities of individuals in our society and in the classroom

Identify individuals who made significant contributions to our society

Participate in democratic processes and elections and describes how policies and laws change

Demonstrate knowledge of significant events in the development of Pennsylvania throughout history