ELEMENTARY  THE SECOND YEAR
The second year of the Elementary Program focuses on 5 main elements:

Math

Language

History

Geography

Science
Math
Fundamentals of Decimal System

Counting 1  1,000

Skip Counting 110's

Place Value up to 9,999,999

Hierarchy of Decimal System Material

Ordinal Numbers
Operations  Addition

Addition up to 24digit addends static (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

Addition of 24 digit addends dynamic (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

Addition of Multiple Addends

Memorization of Math Facts  Addends between 110 (Bead Bars, Flash Cards, Games, Addition Charts, etc.)

Associative and Commutative Properties of Addition

Passage to Abstraction
Operations  Subtraction

Subtraction up to fourdigit numbers static (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

Subtraction of two fourdigit numbers dynamic (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

Memorization of Math Facts 118 (Bead Bars, Negative Snake Game, Flash Cards, Subtraction Cards, etc.)

Missing Subtrahend, Minuend and Difference

Passage to Abstraction
Operations  Multiplication

Multiplication of a 4digit number by a 1digit multiplier (Stamp Game, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Checkerboard, Golden Mat)

Multiplication of a 4digit number by 2digit multiplier (Stamp Game, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Checkerboard, Golden Mat)

Memorization of Math Facts Tables 110: (Bead Bars, Multiplication Charts, Flash Cards, Decanomial, Games, etc.)

Missing Factors

Passage to Abstraction
Operations  Division

Process of Division

Division of a 2 digit number without a remainder (Golden Bead, Stamp Game, Racks and Tubes, Stamp Game, Golden Mat)

Division up to a 2 digit number with a remainder (Golden Beads, Racks and Tubes, Stamp Game, Golden Mat)

Division Memorization  Facts of Divisors 19 (Unit Division Board, Division
Fractions

Introduction to Fractions

Recognition of Fractions: Concrete Material and Symbol

Fraction Skittles

Fraction Circles

Equivalences

Fraction Circle Box

Fractions: Addition with Like Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

Fractions: Subtraction of Like Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

Fractions: Addition with Unlike Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

Fractions: Subtraction with Unlike Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

Fraction Equivalences: (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

Rounding Numbers
Problem Solving

Addition Word Problems

Subtraction World Problems

Multiplication Word Problems

MultiStep

Patterns

Tables
Money

Identifying Units of Currency

Counting Money

Making Change

Adding Money

Subtracting Money

Multiplying Money
Measurement

Linear Measurement: Inch, Foot, Yard, and Mile

Liquid: Cup, Pint, Quart and Gallon

Dry: Teaspoon, Tablespoon, and Cup

Using a Trundle Wheel

Weight: Ounce, Pound

Volume: Sensorial

Temperature: Fahrenheit

Practical Applications: Cooking and Science
Graphing

Line of Graphs

Picture Graphs

Bar Graph

Ordered Pairs
Inequalities

Greater Than

Less Than

Equal To...
Geometry

Recognition and Nomenclature of Geometric Figures  3D

Lines

Angles

Can Identify Regular Polygons through the Decagon

Can Identify Irregular Polygons through the Decagon

Can Identify Quadrilaterals

Construction of Geometric Figures

Calculator Skills
History
Time

Hours

Minutes

Seconds

Passage

Linear Calendar

Days of the Week

Months of the Year

Seasons

Personal Timeline

Telling Time: Nondigital and Digital (Hour, Halfhour, Quarter Hour, Five Minutes, Minute)

Fundamental Tenses

BC/AD
Prehistory

Big Bang/Creation Stories

Formation of the Solar System

Formation of the Earth

Long Black Line

Clock of Eras

Timeline
Solar System

Copernican Theory of Revolution

Study of Nine Planets

Revolution of the Plants

Diameter of Planets

Relative Size of Planets

Mass of Planets

Distance of Planets

The Sun

Stars
Citizenship
Language
Speaking Skills

Oral Reports

Public Speaking

Participating in Group Discussions
Listening Skills

Following Directions

Oral Comprehension
Comprehension

Identifying Character's Feelings/Motives/Traits/Behaviors

Summarize Plot,

Identifying Problems

Predictions

Locating the Answer

Getting the Facts

Drawing Conclusions

Working within Words

Following Directions

Sequencing

Inferences

Using the Context
Sentence Analysis

Subject/Predicate
Handwriting

Upper Case Manuscript

Lower Case Manuscript

Upper Case Cursive

Lower Case Cursive

Correct Spacing
Word Attack Skills

Blends

Digraphs

Phonograms

Short Vowel

Long Vowel

Silent E

Puzzle Words

Dipthongs
Grammar

Function of Words  (Preposition, Conjunction, and Interjection)

Grammar Boxes  (Noun, Article, Adjective, Verb and Pronoun)
Reading

Simple Sentences

Phonetic Readers

Simple NonPhonetic Readers

Silent Reading

Language Series

Read Aloud/Literature Study

Dolch Word List
Word Study

Compound Words

Contractions

Antonyms

Synonyms

Dictionary Skills

Classification

Homophones

Thesaurus

Prefix

Suffix
Spelling

Rhyming Words

Word Families

Sight Words

Phonetic Words
Punctuation

Periods

Question Marks

Exclamations

Paragraph Indentation

Commas

Quotation Marks
Capitalization

Proper Nouns

Initial Word

Pronoun I

Proper Adjectives
Alphabetization

First, Second and Third Letter
Creative Writing

Journals

Simple Sentences

Logical Noun Phrases

Friendly Letter

Paragraph

Writing Workshop/Editing

Webbing
Vocabulary

Based on units of study in various curricula areas
History of Writing
Science
Zoology

Five Kingdoms

Five Classes of Vertebrates Review of External Parts: Fish, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds and Mammals

Identification of Common Vertebrates: Fish, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds and Mammals

Continuation of Invertebrates

Annelids

Platyhelminthes

Aschelminthes

Arthropods: Insects, Crustaceans

Mollusks: Snail, Clam, Octopus, Squid

Echinoderms: Starfish, Sea Urchin, Sand Dollar

Defense & Camouflage

Animal Classification Charts

Tree of Life
Botany

Pollination

Germination

Photosynthesis

Thallophytes: Algae, Fungi, Lichen

Bryophytes: Liverworts, Mosses

Pteridophytes: Ferns, Horsetails, Clubmosses

Gymnosperms

Angiosperms

Tree of Life

Classification Chart
Physical Science

Light: Eye, Color, Reflection, Refraction, Shadows, Camera, Sundial

Physics: Simple Machines, Technology

Chemistry: Freezing, Melting, Currents, Matter, Mixtures, Solutions, Compounds, Periodic Table

Sounds: Ear, Vibrations, Sound Waves, Pitch, Frequency

Electricity: Static Electricity, Batteries, Resistance, Conductor/Insulator, Open/Closed Circuit, Series/Parallel Circuit, Magnetism

Energy: Types: Potential/Kinetic, Atomic/Nuclear, Mechanical, Electrical, Magnetic, Thermal, Chemical and Conservation
Note: The science curriculum follows a threeyear cycle. Year one includes light and physics. Year two includes energy and chemistry. Year three includes sound and electricity.
Geography
Political Geography

Continents: (indepth study of two continents per year)

Puzzle Maps

Outline Maps

Compass Directions/Skills: N,S,E, & W, NE, NW, SE, SW

Maps Skills: Atlas Skills, Street Maps, Highway Maps, Contour Map

Flag Study: Flag as Symbol, Parts, Flags of Relevant Continents Studied
Physical Geography

Land and Water Forms: Cape, Bay, Island, Lake, Isthmus, Strait, Gulf, Peninsula

Land, Water & Air

Interior of the Earth: Layers of the Earth

Geographical Features: Mountains, Foothills, Valley, Plateau, Canyon, Mesa, River, Volcano, Crater Lake, Archipelago, System of Lakes

Volcanoes: Parts of a Volcano

Climates: Study Relevant Climates of Continents Being Studied

Environments/Biomes: Study Relevant Climates of Continents Being Studied
Cultural Geography

Needs of People: Introduction to Material/Spiritual Needs  Shelter, Clothing, Transportation, SelfDefense, Food, Art, Music

Holiday Study
Note: The continents are studied in a 3year cycle. Year one includes North America and Europe. Two year includes Asia, Australia and Antarctica. Year three includes South America and Africa.