ELEMENTARY - THE SECOND YEAR

The second year of the Elementary Program focuses on 5 main elements:

 

  • Math

  • Language

  • History

  • Geography

  • Science

Math

Fundamentals of Decimal System

  • Counting 1 - 1,000

  • Skip Counting 1-10's

  • Place Value up to 9,999,999

  • Hierarchy of Decimal System Material

  • Ordinal Numbers

 

Operations - Addition

  • Addition up to 2-4-digit addends static (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

  • Addition of 2-4 digit addends dynamic (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

  • Addition of Multiple Addends

  • Memorization of Math Facts - Addends between 1-10 (Bead Bars, Flash Cards, Games, Addition Charts, etc.)

  • Associative and Commutative Properties of Addition

  • Passage to Abstraction

 

Operations - Subtraction

  • Subtraction up to four-digit numbers static (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

  • Subtraction of two four-digit numbers dynamic (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

  • Memorization of Math Facts 1-18 (Bead Bars, Negative Snake Game, Flash Cards, Subtraction Cards, etc.)

  • Missing Subtrahend, Minuend and Difference

  • Passage to Abstraction

 

Operations - Multiplication

  • Multiplication of a 4-digit number by a 1-digit multiplier (Stamp Game, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Checkerboard, Golden Mat)

  • Multiplication of a 4-digit number by 2-digit multiplier (Stamp Game, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Checkerboard, Golden Mat)

  • Memorization of Math Facts Tables 1-10: (Bead Bars, Multiplication Charts, Flash Cards, Decanomial, Games, etc.)

  • Missing Factors

  • Passage to Abstraction

 

Operations - Division

  • Process of Division

  • Division of a 2 digit number without a remainder (Golden Bead, Stamp Game, Racks and Tubes, Stamp Game, Golden Mat)

  • Division up to a 2 digit number with a remainder (Golden Beads, Racks and Tubes, Stamp Game, Golden Mat)

  • Division Memorization - Facts of Divisors 1-9 (Unit Division Board, Division

 

Fractions

  • Introduction to Fractions

  • Recognition of Fractions: Concrete Material and Symbol

  • Fraction Skittles

  • Fraction Circles

  • Equivalences

  • Fraction Circle Box

  • Fractions: Addition with Like Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

  • Fractions: Subtraction of Like Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

  • Fractions: Addition with Unlike Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

  • Fractions: Subtraction with Unlike Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

  • Fraction Equivalences: (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

  • Rounding Numbers

 

Problem Solving

  • Addition Word Problems

  • Subtraction World Problems

  • Multiplication Word Problems

  • Multi-Step

  • Patterns

  • Tables

 

Money

  • Identifying Units of Currency

  • Counting Money

  • Making Change

  • Adding Money

  • Subtracting Money

  • Multiplying Money

 

Measurement

  • Linear Measurement: Inch, Foot, Yard, and Mile

  • Liquid: Cup, Pint, Quart and Gallon

  • Dry: Teaspoon, Tablespoon, and Cup

  • Using a Trundle Wheel

  • Weight: Ounce, Pound

  • Volume: Sensorial

  • Temperature: Fahrenheit

  • Practical Applications: Cooking and Science

 

Graphing

  • Line of Graphs

  • Picture Graphs

  • Bar Graph

  • Ordered Pairs

 

Inequalities

  • Greater Than

  • Less Than

  • Equal To...

 

Geometry

  • Recognition and Nomenclature of Geometric Figures - 3D

  • Lines

  • Angles

  • Can Identify Regular Polygons through the Decagon

  • Can Identify Irregular Polygons through the Decagon

  • Can Identify Quadrilaterals

  • Construction of Geometric Figures

  • Calculator Skills

 

History

Time

  • Hours

  • Minutes

  • Seconds

  • Passage

  • Linear Calendar

  • Days of the Week

  • Months of the Year

  • Seasons

  • Personal Timeline

  • Telling Time: Non-digital and Digital (Hour, Half-hour, Quarter Hour, Five Minutes, Minute)

  • Fundamental Tenses

  • BC/AD

 

Prehistory

  • Big Bang/Creation Stories

  • Formation of the Solar System

  • Formation of the Earth

  • Long Black Line

  • Clock of Eras

  • Timeline

 

Solar System

  • Copernican Theory of Revolution

  • Study of Nine Planets

  • Revolution of the Plants

  • Diameter of Planets

  • Relative Size of Planets

  • Mass of Planets

  • Distance of Planets

  • The Sun

  • Stars

 

Citizenship

 

Language

Speaking Skills

  • Oral Reports

  • Public Speaking

  • Participating in Group Discussions

 

Listening Skills

  • Following Directions

  • Oral Comprehension

 

Comprehension

  • Identifying Character's Feelings/Motives/Traits/Behaviors

  • Summarize Plot,

  • Identifying Problems

  • Predictions

  • Locating the Answer

  • Getting the Facts

  • Drawing Conclusions

  • Working within Words

  • Following Directions

  • Sequencing

  • Inferences

  • Using the Context

 

Sentence Analysis

  • Subject/Predicate

 

Handwriting

  • Upper Case Manuscript

  • Lower Case Manuscript

  • Upper Case Cursive

  • Lower Case Cursive

  • Correct Spacing

 

Word Attack Skills

  • Blends

  • Digraphs

  • Phonograms

  • Short Vowel

  • Long Vowel

  • Silent E

  • Puzzle Words

  • Dipthongs

 

Grammar

  • Function of Words - (Preposition, Conjunction, and Interjection)

  • Grammar Boxes - (Noun, Article, Adjective, Verb and Pronoun)

 

Reading

  • Simple Sentences

  • Phonetic Readers

  • Simple Non-Phonetic Readers

  • Silent Reading

  • Language Series

  • Read Aloud/Literature Study

  • Dolch Word List

 

Word Study

  • Compound Words

  • Contractions

  • Antonyms

  • Synonyms

  • Dictionary Skills

  • Classification

  • Homophones

  • Thesaurus

  • Prefix

  • Suffix

 

Spelling

  • Rhyming Words

  • Word Families

  • Sight Words

  • Phonetic Words

 

Punctuation

  • Periods

  • Question Marks

  • Exclamations

  • Paragraph Indentation

  • Commas

  • Quotation Marks

 

Capitalization

  • Proper Nouns

  • Initial Word

  • Pronoun I

  • Proper Adjectives

 

Alphabetization

  • First, Second and Third Letter

 

Creative Writing

  • Journals

  • Simple Sentences

  • Logical Noun Phrases

  • Friendly Letter

  • Paragraph

  • Writing Workshop/Editing

  • Webbing

 

Vocabulary

  • Based on units of study in various curricula areas

 

History of Writing

 

Science

Zoology

  • Five Kingdoms

  • Five Classes of Vertebrates Review of External Parts: Fish, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds and Mammals

  • Identification of Common Vertebrates: Fish, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds and Mammals

  • Continuation of Invertebrates

  • Annelids

  • Platyhelminthes

  • Aschelminthes

  • Arthropods: Insects, Crustaceans

  • Mollusks: Snail, Clam, Octopus, Squid

  • Echinoderms: Starfish, Sea Urchin, Sand Dollar

  • Defense & Camouflage

  • Animal Classification Charts

  • Tree of Life

 

Botany

  • Pollination

  • Germination

  • Photosynthesis

  • Thallophytes: Algae, Fungi, Lichen

  • Bryophytes: Liverworts, Mosses

  • Pteridophytes: Ferns, Horsetails, Clubmosses

  • Gymnosperms

  • Angiosperms

  • Tree of Life

  • Classification Chart

 

Physical Science

  • Light: Eye, Color, Reflection, Refraction, Shadows, Camera, Sundial

  • Physics: Simple Machines, Technology

  • Chemistry: Freezing, Melting, Currents, Matter, Mixtures, Solutions, Compounds, Periodic Table

  • Sounds: Ear, Vibrations, Sound Waves, Pitch, Frequency

  • Electricity: Static Electricity, Batteries, Resistance, Conductor/Insulator, Open/Closed Circuit, Series/Parallel Circuit, Magnetism

  • Energy: Types: Potential/Kinetic, Atomic/Nuclear, Mechanical, Electrical, Magnetic, Thermal, Chemical and Conservation

 

Note: The science curriculum follows a three-year cycle. Year one includes light and physics. Year two includes energy and chemistry. Year three includes sound and electricity.

 

Geography

Political Geography

  • Continents: (in-depth study of two continents per year)

  • Puzzle Maps

  • Outline Maps

  • Compass Directions/Skills: N,S,E, & W, NE, NW, SE, SW

  • Maps Skills: Atlas Skills, Street Maps, Highway Maps, Contour Map

  • Flag Study: Flag as Symbol, Parts, Flags of Relevant Continents Studied

 

Physical Geography

  • Land and Water Forms: Cape, Bay, Island, Lake, Isthmus, Strait, Gulf, Peninsula

  • Land, Water & Air

  • Interior of the Earth: Layers of the Earth

  • Geographical Features: Mountains, Foothills, Valley, Plateau, Canyon, Mesa, River, Volcano, Crater Lake, Archipelago, System of Lakes

  • Volcanoes: Parts of a Volcano

  • Climates: Study Relevant Climates of Continents Being Studied

  • Environments/Biomes: Study Relevant Climates of Continents Being Studied

 

Cultural Geography

  • Needs of People: Introduction to Material/Spiritual Needs - Shelter, Clothing, Transportation, Self-Defense, Food, Art, Music

  • Holiday Study

 

Note: The continents are studied in a 3-year cycle. Year one includes North America and Europe. Two year includes Asia, Australia and Antarctica. Year three includes South America and Africa.

 

© 2019 by The Children's House of Bucks County

840 Trenton Road, Fairless Hills, PA 19030

(215) 943-3656