ELEMENTARY - THE FIRST YEAR

The first year of the Elementary Program focuses on 5 main elements:

 

  • Math

  • Language

  • History

  • Geography

  • Science

Math

Fundamentals of Decimal System

  • Counting 1 - 1,000

  • Skip Counting 1-10's

  • Place Value up to 9,999

  • Exchanging

Operations - Addition

  • Addition up to 2-4-digit addends static (Golden Beads, Stamp Game, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

  • Addition of 2-4 digit addends dynamic (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

  • Addition of Multiple Addends

  • Memorization of Math Facts - Addends between 1-10 (Addition Strip Board, Addition Snake Game, Bead Bars, Flash Cards, Games, Addition Charts, etc)

  • Passage to Abstraction

Operations - Subtraction

  • Subtraction up to four-digit numbers static (Golden Beads, Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

  • Subtraction of two four-digit numbers dynamic (Stamp Game, Dot Board, Small Bead Frame, Large Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

  • Memorization of Math Facts - 1 -18 (Subtraction Strip Board, Bead Bars, Negative Snake Game, Flash Cards, Subtraction Cards, etc.)

  • Missing Subtrahend, Minuend and Difference

  • Passage to Abstraction - Static and Dynamic

Operations - Multiplication

  • Process of Multiplication

  • Multiplication of a four-digit number by a one-digit multiplier (Golden Beads, Stamp Game, Small Bead Frame, Golden Mat)

  • Memorization of Math Facts Tables 1-10: (Bead Chains, Bead Bars, Multiplication Charts, Flash Cards, Decanomial, Games, etc.)

  • Missing Factors

  • Passage to Abstraction

 

Operations - Division

  • Process of Division

  • Division of a 4 digit number without a remainder (Golden Bead, Stamp Game, Racks & Tubes, Golden Mat)

  • Basic Division Facts 1-9 (Unite Division Board, Division Chart, Flash Cards, Games, etc.)

 

Fractions

  • Introduction to Fractions

  • Recognition of Fractions: Concrete Material and Symbol

  • Fraction Skittles

  • Fraction Circles

  • Equivalences

  • Fractions: Addition with Like Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

  • Fractions: Subtraction of Like Denominators (Fraction Circles, Fraction Circle Box)

  • Rounding Numbers

 

Problem Solving

  • Addition Word Problems

  • Subtraction Word Problems

  • Patterns

 

Money

  • Identifying Units of Currency

  • Counting Money

  • Making Change

  • Adding Money

  • Subtracting Money

 

Measurement

  • Linear Measurement: Inch, Foot, Yard and Mile

  • Using a ruler and yardstick

  • Liquid: Cup, Pint, Quart & Gallon

  • Dry: Tsp., Tbsp., & Cup

  • Weight: Ounce, Pound

  • Volume: Sensorial

  • Temperature: Fahrenheit

  • Practical Applications: Cooking and Science

 

Graphing

  • Line Graphs

  • Picture Graphs

  • Bar Graph

 

Inequalities

  • Greater Than

  • Less Than

  • Equal to...

 

Geometry

  • Recognition and Nomenclature of Geometric Figures - 3D

  • Geometric Cabinet

  • Solid, Line and Point

 

History

Time

  • Hours

  • Minutes

  • Seconds

  • Passage

  • Linear Calendar

  • Days of the Week

  • Months of the Year

  • Seasons

  • Personal Timeline

  • Telling Time: Non-Digital & Digital (Hour, Half-Hour, Quarter Hour, Five Minutes, Minute)

  • BC/AD

 

Prehistory

  • Big Bang/Creation Stories

  • Formation of the Solar System

  • Formation of the Earth

  • Long Black Line

  • Clock of Eras

  • Timeline

 

Citizenship

 

Geography

Political Geography

  • Continents (in-depth study of two continents per year)

  • Puzzle Maps

  • Outline Maps

  • Compass Directions/Skills: North, South, East & West, Intermediate Directions

  • Map Skills: Classroom Mapping, School Mapping

  • Flag Study: Flag as Symbol, Parts, Flags of relevant continents studied

 

Physical Geography

  • Land and Water Forms: Cape, Bay, Island, Lake, Isthmus, Strait, Gulf, Peninsula

  • Climates: Study relevant climates of continents being studied

  • Environments/Biomes: Study relevant climates of continents being studied

 

Cultural Geography

  • Needs of People: Introduction to Material/Spiritual Needs - Shelter, Clothing, Transportation, Self-Defense, Food, Art, Music, Government, Beauty, Religion

  • Holiday Study

 

Note: The continents are studied in a 3-year cycle. Year one includes North America and Europe. Year two includes Asia, Australia and Antarctica. Year three includes South America and Africa.

 

Language

Speaking Skills

  • Oral Reports

  • Public Speaking

  • Participating in group discussions

 

Listening Skills

  • Following Directions

  • Verbal Comprehension

 

Comprehension

  • Identifying Character's Feelings/Motives/Traits/Behaviors

  • Summarizing Plot

  • Identifying Problems

  • Predictions

  • Locating the Answer

  • Getting the Facts

  • Drawing Conclusions

  • Working within Words

  • Following Directions

  • Sequencing

 

Handwriting

  • Metal Insets

  • Upper Case Manuscript

  • Lower Case Manuscript

  • Correct Spacing

 

Word Attack Skills

  • Blends

  • Digraphs

  • Phonograms

  • Short Vowel

  • Long Vowel

  • Silent E

  • Puzzle Words

  • Dipthongs

 

Grammar

  • Function of Words (noun, article, adjective, verb, and pronoun)

 

Reading

  • Simple Sentences

  • Phonetic Readers

  • Simple Non-Phonetic Readers

  • Silent Reading

  • Language Series

  • Read Aloud/Literature Study

  • Dolch Word Lists

 

Word Study

  • Compound Words

  • Contractions

  • Antonyms

  • Synonyms

  • Dictionary Skills

  • Alphabetizing

 

Spelling

  • Rhyming Words

  • Word Families

  • Sight Words

 

Punctuation

  • Periods

  • Question Marks

  • Exclamations

  • Paragraph Indentation

 

Capitalization

  • Proper Nouns

  • Initial Word

  • Pronoun I

 

Creative Writing

  • Journals

  • Simple Sentences

  • Logical Noun Phrases

  • Friendly Letter

  • Paragraph

  • Writing Workshop/Editing

  • Webbing

 

Vocabulary

  • Based on units of study in various curricula areas

 

Science

Zoology

  • Living/Non-living

  • Vertebrate/Invertebrate

  • Plant/Animal

  • Five Kingdoms

  • Invertebrates - External Parts & Common Characteristics

  • One-Celled Animals

  • Porifera: Sponges

  • Coelenterates: Jellyfish, anemones

  • Who Am I?

  • Tree of Life

  • Classification Chart

 

Botany

  • Plant Identification Level I

  • Parts of a Plant

  • Roots: Parts & Types

  • Stems: Parts & Types

  • Bulb: Parts & Types

  • Leaves: Parts & Types

  • Flower: Parts & Types

  • Fruit: Parts & Types

  • Seeds: Parts & Types

 

Physical Science

  • Light: Eye, Color, Reflection, Refraction, Shadows, Camera, Sundial

  • Physics: Simple Machines, Technology

  • Chemistry: Freezing, Melting, Currents, Matter, Mixtures, Solutions, Compounds, Periodic Table

  • Sound: Ear, Vibrations, Sound Waves, Pitch, Frequency

  • Electricity: Static Electricity, Batteries, Resistance, Conductor/Insulator, Open/Closed Circuit, Series/Parallel Circuit, Magnetism

  • Energy: Types: Potential/Kinetic, Atomic/Nuclear, Mechanical, Electrical, Magnetic, Thermal, Chemical and Conservation

Note: The science curriculum follows a three-year cycle. Year one includes light and physics. Year two includes energy and chemistry. Year three includes sound and electricity.

 

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840 Trenton Road, Fairless Hills, PA 19030

(215) 943-3656